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Industry trends

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The potential of “steel demand” behind the tens of billions of orders

Release date:2018-12-20 The author:www.xapyyj.com Click on:

The first China International Import Expo (hereinafter referred to as the China Expo) ended with a fruitful purchase of 57.83 billion US dollars of intentional turnover. The high-end exhibits exhibited at the exhibition aimed at the gaps and pain points of China's manufacturing industry, which caused great concern in China's manufacturing industry.

This is the world's first import-themed national exhibition, which is a major innovation in the history of international trade. It attracted 172 countries, regions and international organizations to participate in the conference, with more than 3,600 exhibitors. It displayed more than 10,000 exhibits including food, cosmetics, clothing, home appliances and furniture. Among them, the first time to enter China, more than 5,000 exhibits, involving power equipment, metallurgical equipment, machine tools, internal combustion engines, auto parts, engineering machinery, agricultural machinery and other fields, attracting the attention of buyers, especially related to metallurgy, steel industry Intelligent and high-end equipment has become a highlight of the Expo, with the largest turnover, which is driving the domestic “steel demand”.

China's high-end machine tool manufacturing industry has a "short board"

The biggest exhibit at the Expo is the “Taurus” machine tool made by the German company Waldrich Coburg Machine Tool. It is 20 meters long, 10 meters wide, 8 meters high and weighs 200 tons. It covers an area of 200 square meters. Don't look at this machine tool is a "big monster", but it is a first-class master to do fine work, and the micron-level precision represents the highest standard in the world. According to the chief representative of the German company Waldrich Coburg, the most advanced machine tools in Italy, Spain and other countries have an accuracy of about 8 microns, and the accuracy of this machine can be controlled at 4 microns, which is doubled. In addition, in terms of efficiency, this machine is three times as large as a conventional machine tool.

According to industry insiders, the “Taurus” portal milling machine is a general-purpose machine tool that can process a variety of complex parts and is suitable for the automotive industry and aerospace. In China, high-end gantry milling machines are mainly imported from abroad. Especially after the reform and opening up, China's economy has developed rapidly, and the demand for such high-end machine tools has increased. Waddrich Coburg has further expanded in the Chinese market.

The chief representative of Wadrich Coburg said, “Taking the gantry milling machine as an example, 50 products were exported to China in the 50 years from the 1950s to 2005, and only 5 shorts between 2006 and 2010. During the year, the sales figures reached 50."

It can be seen that China's high-end machine tool market is very large, but there are still many shortcomings in the high-end machine tool equipment manufacturing industry. After the reform and opening up, China's machinery manufacturing industry introduced a number of technologies. The gantry milling machine tool industry has developed rapidly, but it still cannot meet the domestic market demand. In order to develop better in China's gantry milling machine tool industry, it is necessary to improve competitiveness by innovating technology and producing new products. In the future, many important industries in China, including the metallurgical equipment manufacturing industry, will have more and more demand for gantry machining centers and CNC gantry boring and milling machines.

The development of China's high-end machine tool manufacturing industry has a close relationship with the steel industry. China's metallurgical equipment manufacturing industry needs high-end machine tools, and the production of high-end machine tools requires a large amount of steel. For example, the main components of the vertical milling machine, such as the base, the fuselage, the workbench, the middle slide, the lifting slide, the headstock, etc., all use high-strength resin. Alloy cast iron is cast; the spindle bearing is a tapered roller bearing, which is made of high-end high-quality bearing steel; cylindrical milling cutter, wafer milling cutter, forming milling cutter, end milling cutter, etc. for milling machine, high-speed steel, hard Alloy, tungsten steel. Therefore, bearing steel, gear steel, tool steel, high speed steel, alloy steel, etc., are necessary steel for manufacturing high-end machine tools.

The trend of large-scale shipbuilding is obvious

At the Expo, the highlight of the Brazilian Vale booth was two Valemax ship models. The Valemax ship with a tonnage of 400,000 DWT is the world's largest bulk carrier, which is dedicated to long-distance transportation of iron ore. Compared to traditional sea otters, which are widely used in the iron ore transportation industry, the Valemax can not only increase port operational efficiency by approximately 140%, but also reduce greenhouse gas emissions by up to 41% during transportation.

China is the world's largest consumer of iron ore and the world's largest importer of iron ore. According to statistics from the General Administration of Customs, in October this year, China imported 83.99 million tons of iron ore and concentrates, an increase of 11.2% year-on-year; from January to October, China imported a total of 89.168 million tons of iron ore and concentrates. Brazil is one of the main countries for importing iron ore from China. Brazilian iron ore needs to sail 11,000 nautical miles to China, about 40 days, while iron ore exporting country Australia is less than 4,000 nautical miles from China, as long as ten days. . In order to compensate for the long-distance competitive disadvantage, Vale hopes to use ships with larger deadweight to reduce transportation costs.

The industry believes that with the increasing demand for imported ore, the demand for ore carriers has also increased significantly, which has stimulated the development of super-large ore carriers. Therefore, it is the trend of China's shipbuilding industry to adjust and revitalize as soon as possible to realize the national shipbuilding, national ship national allocation and domestic cargo national transportation. In the future, China's shipbuilding industry will develop to a large scale, and the production and sales volume of large oil tankers and large-scale ore carriers will increase significantly, thus driving the demand for shipbuilding steel such as corrosion-resistant steel plates.

Iron and steel enterprises should pay close attention to the development opportunities brought by the “One Belt, One Road” initiative to the shipbuilding industry, and closely follow the demand for steel for transportation engineering vessels such as coastal flexible bulk carriers, coastal engineering vessels and island cargo ships; pay attention to marine engineering equipment and marine steel. Steel demand for structural buildings, artificial islands, underwater buildings, etc.

"Made in China" needs to move toward "China's wisdom"

Many of the world's top high-tech products displayed at the first Expo will bring challenges, incentives and motivation to China's manufacturing industry.

According to industry insiders, from the perspective of high-end products displayed at the Expo, compared with the requirements of industrial development level and equipment manufacturing power in developed countries, China's equipment manufacturing industry is still large but not strong, in terms of resource utilization efficiency and industrial structure. The gaps in informationization, quality and efficiency are obvious, and the tasks of transformation and upgrading and leapfrogging development are urgent and arduous.

At present, the situation of the high-end equipment market has awakened Chinese manufacturing enterprises. Facing the opportunities and challenges brought by the new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation, and improving the level of China's equipment manufacturing industry, it requires both independent innovation and openness. We will strengthen international cooperation, improve the quality and level of equipment supply through digestion and integration, and achieve common prosperity and progress, so that China's equipment manufacturing industry can realize the transformation from "Made in China" to "Made in China" as soon as possible.

                                                                                                                                                                                                         Excerpt from: China Metallurgical News

Xi'an Pengyuan Metallurgical Equipment Co., Ltd. was established on February 20, 2017. The company is located in Xi'an, Shaanxi, China. Its main business is the design and manufacture of metallurgical equipment (electric arc furnace, submerged arc furnace, ladle refining furnace, other refining furnaces and metallurgical auxiliary equipment). The company's vision is to become a service-oriented leading enterprise that can provide users with advanced and applicable complete smelting technology solutions. The company is determined to make “Pengyuan Metallurgy” into the electric furnace industry. Excellent brand. Pay attention to us, keep abreast of the latest developments in the industry, hotline: 13819831910.

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