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The steel industry should be the leader of Chinas manufacturing reform

Release date:2018-12-20 The author:www.xapyyj.com Click on:

The steel industry is an important part of the national economy and plays a pivotal role in ensuring the sustained and stable development of the economy. Looking back at the history of China's economic growth, the development and contribution of the steel industry cannot be underestimated. It effectively supports the development and progress of China's modern industry. It has provided a steady stream of basic material security since the founding of the People's Republic of China, especially since the establishment of the 40 years of reform and opening up.

At present, in the face of profound changes in the internal and external economic situation, especially the new requirements arising from the Chinese economy's transition to the new normal, the Chinese steel industry has launched a new round of deep-level reforms. Among them, it not only involves traditional products such as product diversification, industrial adjustment and upgrading in the steel industry, but also includes new measures such as market adjustment, functional positioning, structural optimization, and industrial integration.

As a pillar industry in China's manufacturing industry, the steel industry is not only the mainstay of China's sustained economic development, but also the vane of China's deepening economic reform. The author believes that the steel industry should be the leader in China's manufacturing reform.

The motivation for promoting the structural adjustment of the steel industry

The entry of the Chinese economy into the new normal means that the objective environment in which China's manufacturing industry is located has undergone substantial changes. The improvement of internal economic development requirements and the intensification of the external competitive environment have jointly induced new reforms of the Chinese economy and provided many positive elements for the orderly progress of the new reforms. Manufacturing reform is in line with the inevitable requirements of the new normal of China's economy, and is also an objective result of the Chinese economy's pursuit of high quality development. The reform of China's manufacturing industry will comprehensively introduce the factors of technological progress, while paying more attention to the new requirements of consumer demand for manufacturing, and on this basis, improve the overall technological level and production quality of the manufacturing industry.

There is a close relationship between the development of the steel industry and China's industrialization process. In the past 40 years of reform and opening up, the development of China's steel industry has not only shown a simple increase in output, but also reflects the simultaneous growth of related technology content, and correspondingly promotes the diversification and quality development of steel products. It should be said that this is one of the important achievements of the Chinese steel industry in the development process since the reform and opening up, and it has also created important guarantee conditions for the rapid development and quality improvement of the Chinese economy.

Of course, the problem that should be faced directly is that compared with developed countries such as the United States, European countries, and Japan, the development level of China's steel industry still needs to be improved. The main problems are as follows. First, some technologies in China's steel industry need to be improved or improved to adapt to new economic conditions and market competition. Second, Chinese steel companies have low industrial concentration and do not have economies of scale, which limits to a certain extent. The competitiveness of China's steel enterprises; Third, the energy conservation and environmental protection level of China's steel industry needs to be further improved. In view of this, some domestic scholars pointed out that "evaluation of the profit of the steel industry should fully consider the social cost of the industry and make reasonable deductions. At the same time, in the industrial development strategy, it should highlight the cultivation of low-cost advantages, develop green steel and save steel. To improve the ability to control the cost of imported resources." At present, the Chinese steel industry has initiated an important process of structural transformation in the process of continuous development and expansion. At the same time, the transformation and development of the steel industry has also become the leading and representative of the overall structural transformation of China's manufacturing industry.

China's steel industry faces new opportunities

The objective economic environment is still one of the main factors affecting the reform process of China's steel industry. In the face of changing domestic and international market conditions, China's steel industry has achieved new breakthroughs in various fields such as capacity, layout and technology.

First, strictly control the increase in steel production capacity and improve the quality and level of existing stocks. While strictly controlling the steel industry's own production capacity, the coordinated adjustment between various industries has also effectively promoted the transformation and upgrading of China's steel industry. The 2018 government work report clearly stated that in 2018, the steel production capacity will be reduced by about 30 million tons, and the coal production capacity will be about 150 million tons, and the coal-fired power units of less than 300,000 kilowatts that are not up to standard will be eliminated or shut down.

Second, re-plan and build a rational layout of the Chinese steel industry. The structural differences between the eastern and western economies have also determined the non-equilibrium pattern of the east-west distribution of China's steel industry. With the fundamental changes in the economic conditions of the Chinese and foreign ministries, the Chinese steel industry has gradually ushered in an important opportunity for transformation and development. As far as the current situation is concerned, the distribution of production capacity in China's steel industry presents a significant pattern of “eastern and weak west”. However, with the development opportunity brought about by the “Belt and Road Initiative”, China will “solidly promote the comprehensive construction of the six economic cooperation corridors and a number of important strategic nodes at sea”. In view of this, in the future, the production capacity of China's steel industry should be more focused on the major areas involved in the “Belt and Road” and the transportation along the line. At the same time, considering the factors such as iron ore, coal and other resources directly related to steel production, Geographical advantages and convenient transportation conditions have created certain new competitive advantages for the development of the steel industry in the western region of China. In addition, the re-layout of production capacity does not mean simply eliminating backward production capacity, nor can it hinder the normal development of the steel industry. On the basis of comprehensive research, it is necessary to relocate the steel production capacity in geospatial space to achieve capacity and technology. The optimal combination of factors such as the market.

Third, strengthen internal and external coordination, promote international cooperation, and inject positive energy into the development of the steel industry. For the time being, the “One Belt and One Road” initiative, the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, and the Yangtze River Economic Belt have established the basic framework of China’s economic development strategy, and also transformed China’s economy from China and abroad from two different perspectives. The reform of the industry provides an important guarantee of motivation. It is worth noting that infrastructure interconnection is a priority area for the “Belt and Road” initiative. China will strengthen cooperation with countries and regions along the route in terms of transportation infrastructure and energy infrastructure interconnection, and jointly promote the construction of communication trunk lines such as cross-border optical cables. In view of this, China's steel industry will participate in the implementation of the “Belt and Road Initiative” and the construction of interconnection and related projects, and seek new market opportunities and functional positioning in the process of development. In addition to the “Belt and Road Initiative” initiative, the development plan for international capacity cooperation will bring new external opportunities for the transformation and development of China's steel industry. In fact, the international capacity cooperation industry has been closely linked with the domestic manufacturing industry, including the steel industry. At the same time, it has also created a new concept and positive image for the overall “going out” of China's manufacturing industry. On May 16, 2015, the State Council issued the “Guiding Opinions on Promoting International Capacity and Equipment Manufacturing Cooperation”, clearly stating that “based on domestic advantages and promoting external capacity cooperation in the steel and non-ferrous metals industries”. As a result, the external cooperation of China's steel industry has once again been elevated to the strategic planning level of the country, and has become a benchmark industry leading China's external capacity cooperation.

Fourth, actively introduce new technology concepts and effectively integrate the hard and soft resources of the steel industry. Since the reform and opening up, China's steel industry has been working hard on the hardware facilities, and has gradually narrowed the gap between the developed steel industry and the western developed steel industry. Some areas have even surpassed the development level of the developed western steel manufacturing industry. Highly impressive results. However, compared with the long-term progress of hardware facilities, the improvement of the soft conditions of China's steel industry has not achieved satisfactory results. Some backward development concepts and competitive conditions have even seriously hindered the overall reform of China's steel industry. To this end, the State Council has proposed a new concept of "Internet +" and encouraged enterprises such as steel to vigorously set up and develop an industry e-commerce platform to optimize procurement and distribution systems and improve business efficiency. For the Chinese steel industry, the popularization of the concept of “Internet +” has intensified the evolution of the competitive environment in the domestic steel market, and has subverted the traditional market structure of “supply side initiative and passive demand” and prompted it to be transformed into “ The new market situation of seeking the initiative and passive supply. Of course, this change will help the Chinese steel industry to more closely link the supply and demand sides, shorten the actual distance between supply and demand, and at the same time promote more steel production from the "supply and demand" A new model for "satisfying the supply".

New Characteristics of Steel Industry Reform under the New Normal

By analyzing the development status and reform prospects of the steel industry, we can more intuitively and more specifically grasp the distinctive characteristics of manufacturing reform under the new normal background.

First, a special era background. Different from the era when reforms took place in the past, this round of reform in the manufacturing industry is a positive move under the conditions of the Chinese economy entering a new normal. The new normal puts higher demands on the structural transformation and development quality of the Chinese economy and accumulates positive energy for the medium and long-term development of the Chinese economy. Therefore, China's manufacturing industry urgently needs to steadily advance structural reforms to meet the high standards set by the new economic normal. At the same time, it must absorb nutrients from the competitive environment brought about by the new economic normal and release it for its own reform. kinetic energy.

Second, a clear strategic path. Undoubtedly, "stable stocks and incremental growth" are the basic path for the implementation of this round of reform. Among them, the “stable stock” mainly emphasizes the basic production capacity that matches the level of national economic development. Under this premise, the excess capacity is appropriately reduced and adjusted to ensure the reasonable development of domestic production capacity. On the other hand, “incremental” emphasizes the development and utilization of emerging capacity. It is particularly important that the development of new production capacity must meet the development requirements of advanced productive forces. It is also necessary to actively introduce and reflect the concrete results of scientific and technological progress, and ensure that emerging production capacity can effectively improve the overall development level of the manufacturing industry and build a “world manufacturing powerhouse”. Lay a solid foundation.

Third, leading technical requirements. This round of reforms in China's manufacturing industry will introduce more high-tech standards, with particular emphasis on the formulation and implementation of energy-saving and environmental protection standards. One of the developmental characteristics of the new normal of China's economy is the gradual shift to a low-carbon economy. Therefore, in order to better meet the "three lows" requirements of low-carbon economy, such as low energy consumption, low pollution, and low emissions, China's manufacturing industry must gradually get rid of the extensive production mode of high energy consumption, high pollution and high emissions. Strengthen efforts in different production links such as technology research and development and process improvement, and increase the proportion of science and technology in industrial manufactured products.

Based on the overall understanding of China's manufacturing reform, it is not difficult to find that the reform path and mode of China's steel industry is in line with the requirements of the overall reform of the manufacturing industry, and at the same time it also shows a unique personality characteristics.

First, effectively reduce excess steel production capacity and promote transformation and development. In view of the reduction in international steel demand and the serious overcapacity of domestic steel production, reducing backward production capacity in the industry has become one of the most urgent tasks. At least in the short to medium term, domestic steel production capacity will gradually decline from the historical peak, and eventually stay at the level of production capacity that is compatible with the total domestic and foreign economic demand. At the same time, the country's policy orientation and saved leisure funds will be more inclined to the west and the “Belt and Road” to promote the development of the steel industry in the relevant regions and promote the coordinated development of the regional economy.

Second, the characteristics of “demanding for supply” are becoming more and more significant. Due to the changes in market competition conditions and the influx of new technological factors such as the Internet and big data, the development of China's steel industry has become more rational and efficient. More importantly, the introduction of these factors has caused a fundamental change in the competition model of China's steel industry, namely, gradually abandoning the traditional model of lowering production prices to create competitive advantage, and shifting to an emerging competitive model with active market demand. . At the same time, the importance of cost factors will also decrease. In this context, individualized steel production, that is, “demand-based supply” steel production will become the mainstream of the market.

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Excerpt from: China Metallurgical News

Xi'an Pengyuan Metallurgical Equipment Co., Ltd. was established on February 20, 2017. The company is located in Xi'an, Shaanxi, China. Its main business is the design and manufacture of metallurgical equipment (electric arc furnace, submerged arc furnace, ladle refining furnace, other refining furnaces and metallurgical auxiliary equipment). The company's vision is to become a service-oriented leading enterprise that can provide users with advanced and applicable complete smelting technology solutions. The company is determined to make “Pengyuan Metallurgy” into the electric furnace industry. Excellent brand. Pay attention to us, keep abreast of the latest developments in the industry, hotline: 13819831910.

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